THE UTHARK THEORY BY SWEDISH PROF. SIGURD AGRELL
ON THE UTHARK RUNE ROW;
Sigurd Agrell, who was a professor at the Lund University in Sweden, created a unique and heavily occult theory, involved the sound value, numerical value, esoteric and exoteric meaning of the Runes. The UTHARK is based opon the removal of the Fe Rune, that has the first position in the Futhark. The Fe Rune is instead placed as the very last Rune. This means that all Runes are shifted one step. That the Uthark might be corrected, is demonstrated in the most ancient Rune inscriptions of Blekinge.
But first things first. As you all know, the Runes were something like an Alphabet for the Germanic People of ancient agan Europe. It was the very first to be used in the northern parts of Europe. And each Rune has its mythological, phonetic, and numerical value. The Runes were used for writing inscriptions, which is the exoteric Aspect of the Runes. But they were also used in Rites, so called Blòta, Sacrifices and other spiritual teachings. To understand this, means to understand the force, power and phenomena each Rune represents. The Runes are heavily connected to the Germanic languages, and there are many associations between the German language, the Swedish language, Danish, Norse, and the Runes. An Example would be Algiz and the Swedish word “Älg”, a moose. Depending on the context, the Runes can have spiritual, mythological or phonetical and exoteric value.
Now, Sigurd Agrells Theory is basically that there indeed existed an UTHARK Runerow, but for the initiated ones. We do not much about this at all nowadays, so I want to emphasize that, most of the spiritual teachings of the Norse were indeed for initiated ones, and second, most of that knowledge got lost. We only have a few ancient Rune inscriptions, that might give a little bit of an insight into this matter.
The “normal” Rune row starts out with the f,u,þ,a,r,k} but Agrell thought that the Fe Rune must, and should be placed at the very end of the Rune row, turning it into u,þ,a,r,k}.
When the Germanic people inherited writing, they also got initiated into numerology. To find evidence for this, he searched for similarities between the magical use of the Runes and the classical alphabets.
In his book, published in 1931, called “Senantik mysteriereligion och nordisk runmagi”, he stressed that each Rune has a name, and more importantly, a symbolic meaning, related to the name of the Rune. Agrell came to the conclusion, that the Fe Rune should be placed at the very end of the Rune row.
So that Uruz receives the value 1, the the þ-rune 2… the UR Rune should start first, because its name is (in German language) “Aurochs” (primordial ox), and this is one of the very first living creates in even older Mythologies, such as the Mithraic teachings. Also the Greek Alpha are related to this animal.
Please, take a close look at the UR Rune right now. Everyone who is reading this.
Take a close look, turn it upside down. What do you see? It resembles the horns of an Ox, or Aurochs in German language. Also, the word UR in German language describes a state of being, that is ancient,… it is always “the origin”, when we Germans say “UR”. For example, Urknall (the big bang). Urzeit “the aboriginal time”. This is what I meant in my other Articles; If you don’t speak these languages, you will not see these connections to the Runes and norse Spirituality. Knowledge will get lost through translations. That is a fact!
According to Agrell, one can find a various number of numerical patterns in actual ancient Runic inscriptions. The number 10 with the value of 100 would equal 10x10, would point to the use of Underworld Rites and the Realm of the Death, because the 10th Rune in the UTHARK is “i”, “ice”, the describes the state of death, stagnation.
This and much more means to the practitioner of Rune Magic, that the Runes were also an initiation System, based on numerology and ancient Mythology, used for spiritual teachings and Rites. So, depending on the context of the Rune, it could have phonetical, numerical, mythological and spiritual value. With that being said, there is the “light” side of the Rune, and the more esoteric Aspect of the Rune, based on the teachings of numerology, and shamanic practice.
Swedish Author Thomas Karlsson in his books UTHARK - The Nightside of the Runes:
“The runes consist of a light outer form and a dark inner dimension. [...] The runosophy of this book is based on a disputed thought that the rune row is written in a cipher [the futhark rune row, O.S.] to hide its secret meaning from uninitiates. The hidden and dark side of the rune row has been called the Uthark. [...] Many have doubted the historical anchorage of the Uthark and many deep and advanced magical books based on the Futhark have been written. But the Uthark has revealed itself as a very powerful tool for entering the secrets of the runes and for exploring their nightside. (Karlsson 2002: 8)”
“The Uthark have been interpreted as the dark and inner version of the rune row. It begins with two very dark runes which symbolizes the descent to the dark worlds. The Uthark ends with two exact opposites to these runes which represent the ascent from the underworld and illumination in the secrets of the runes. (Karlsson 2002: 126)”
To understand this, one must always see the context of the Rune with its numerical value, its mythological context - and also its etymological roots and origins. Without the language, a lot gets lost.
Agrell, Sigurd (1931). Senantik mysteriereligion och nordisk runmagi. En inledning i den nutida runologiens grundproblem. Stockholm: Albert Bonniers Förlag.
Agrell, Sigurd (1932). Die spätantike Alphabetmystik und die Runenreihe. Lund: C.W.K. Gleerups Förlag.
Bæksted, Anders (1952). Målruner og troldruner. Runemagiske studier. København: Gyldendalske Boghandel – Nordisk Forlag.
English and Swedish;
Karlsson, Thomas (2002). Uthark. Nightside of the Runes. Sundbyberg: Ouroboros.